Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Montreal and Boston in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.
We offer several financing options for new equipment, as well as our Priority Club Membership that grants members exclusive discounts, priority service, annual tune-ups, and much more. Plus, we make it our mission to give back to the community that’s continually supported us for decades. Our team members regularly donate their time, money, and efforts to numerous charitable organizations, fundraising endeavors, and worthwhile causes throughout the Northern Virginia and suburban Maryland area.
Selecting the right plumbing service isn’t easy. To receive the quality assistance you deserve, trust Best Plumbing. The highly-trained and informed plumbers at Best Plumbing are prepared to handle any and every commercial and residential need. You can count on us for all your drain cleaning, water heater, plumbing installation and sewer services needs. Why should you choose our company over others? https://www.youtube.com/v/hokTzqWiBMQ
When you book an affordable plumber, whether it's to fix a broken boiler or to unclog a drain, you want to know they're skilled enough for the task at hand. Nothing is worse than sending an amateur with a wrench to look at your pipes. Odds are, there will be more damage than when they started. All plumbers on the Handy platform are vetted, verified, and background checked way before they arrive at your home, so you can be sure that they're the right person for the job.  http://youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=hokTzqWiBMQ
©2019 By Horizon Services, LLC. All Rights Reserved. DE License # PL0000726, HL0000299. Contractor Reg. # PA017876, PA057742. NJ Plumbing Lic. # PL36BI01232300 - David Geiger HIC reg. # 13VH05117300, NJ Master HVACR contractor Lic. # 19HC00193700. MD Master HVACR contractor Lic. # 47186, MD Master Plumber/Gas Fitter Lic. # 63739 – David Geiger. EL.LIC./B.P. #34EI01207700.
"This was quality service above and beyond expectations. The technician clearly explained all work that was done - in fact the technician even took the time to explain my entire plumbing system. This was information that I didn't even receive from the builder - excellent, excellent, excellent service. Received call ahead of technician's arrival and also received a text message. Best money spent on a home service. Will be recommending to many of my neighbors to use his services. Thank you Sergio."
My father Butch (August senior) started this company with his mother and father in the late 60's, obtained his license in this mid 70's and for nearly 50 years A&A Plumbing and Rooter has been a trusted provider of plumbing services for the Inland Valley. Providing full service plumbing for all your plumbing and septic tank system needs.  I August Jr. took over the company in the early 2000's after obtaining a business degree and have been running it ever since specializing in sewer, water, gas and septic systems.
Not only do plumber apprentices have to complete their training and education to receive their licenses, they also are required to pass a criminal background check and carry liability insurance. Hiring just anybody can make you vulnerable to fraud since unlicensed plumbers might not know what they're doing or could pretend to fix something and end up charging you for the incomplete work. 

I was very worried about my septic tank. I had no idea when it was last pumped, but knew it had been easily over 10 years. Called A&A at 11am Monday and they sent Jason over at 5pm on the same day. A very large and surprisingly clean-looking truck came and got going. I had the lid already exposed. Jason pulled it up, looked in, and told me the waste level wasn't bad at all. Music to my ears! He was very personable, efficient, clean, and knowledgeable, putting me at ease about the whole process. After pumping out the solids, he went in with a hose and washed out the sides and bottom and showed me the result. I was very impressed. I wouldn't hesitate to use them again and would recommend them to anyone.
Most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn their trade through a 4- or 5-year apprenticeship. Apprentices typically receive 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training, as well as some classroom instruction, each year. In the classroom, apprentices learn safety, local plumbing codes and regulations, and blueprint reading. They also study mathematics, applied physics, and chemistry. Apprenticeship programs are offered by unions and businesses. Although most workers enter apprenticeships directly, some start out as helpers. The Home Builders Institute offers a pre-apprenticeship training program in plumbing and other trades.
The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized. PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe for instance, are measured in IPS (iron pipe size). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter. These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings. For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing. 1/2" PVC on the other hand is not the same size as 1/2" tubing, and therefore requires either a threaded male or female adapter to connect them. When used in agricultural irrigation, the singular form "pipe" is often used as a plural.[19]
When you’re spending your hard earned money on our plumbing  services or installation, we know you definitely want to make sure that it is installed correctly. And we know you also done to manufacturer’s specifications. That’s why our company sets the gold standard with a commitment to your complete satisfaction with your drain cleaning services and installations. We offer;
Our kitchen sink was stopped up this morning due to me pouring something down that I shouldn't have.  I tried pouring boiling water down the drain, to no avail, vinegar/soda, again, not helpful, then called the Professionals, ProDrain & Rooter Service.   Chris arrived at 4:30 pm, took the drain apart, rinsed out the gunk and the sink was running like a Champ!   I would not hesitate to call ProDrain & Rooter Service for any type of plumbing problem.    

The movement of liquids and gases through pipes is critical to modern life. In homes, water is needed for both drinking and sanitation. In factories, chemicals are moved to aid in product manufacturing. In power plants, steam is moved to drive turbines that generate electricity. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair these pipe systems.
Some allege that putting a brick in the toilet tank can save water, but doing that can keep your toilet from flushing correctly. Another plumbing tip, avoid liquid drain cleaners. Liquid drain cleaners are also bad news—they eat away at the pipes. Try a plunger or, better yet, a $30 auger. Don’t have either? Here’s how to unclog a toilet without a plunger.
Severe plumbing emergencies can cause a lot of collateral damage and result in high costs if not addressed immediately. For example, if your basement floods at 2:00 A.M., it’s vital that an emergency plumber visits right away to resolve the problem and prevent further water damage. Our technicians can arrive at your residence as soon as possible, bringing state-of-the-art equipment to address the plumbing emergency, complete the job in a timely and efficient manner, and get your household plumbing systems back to normal quickly.
The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized. PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe for instance, are measured in IPS (iron pipe size). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter. These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings. For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing. 1/2" PVC on the other hand is not the same size as 1/2" tubing, and therefore requires either a threaded male or female adapter to connect them. When used in agricultural irrigation, the singular form "pipe" is often used as a plural.[19]
Some states do not require plumbers to be licensed, but for the safety of your house, it is important to have  a licensed plumber to do the needed work. A licensed plumber means the person completed the necessary education or training required to work as a professional tradesperson. Hiring a licensed plumbing service means the people working on your building are knowledgeable about water and gas pipes.
^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
PVC/CPVC – rigid plastic pipes similar to PVC drain pipes but with thicker walls to deal with municipal water pressure, introduced around 1970. PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride, and it has become a common replacement for metal piping. PVC should be used only for cold water, or for venting. CPVC can be used for hot and cold potable water supply. Connections are made with primers and solvent cements as required by code.[22] http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtube_gdata&v=hokTzqWiBMQ

When the winter really settles in and starts giving your pipes a hard time, it’s a good idea to have our number handy. If you are having a plumbing emergency, don’t hesitate to call us right away. Our emergency services are designed to get any plumbing problem taken care of as quickly as possible. We know exactly what the problem is if your water heater suddenly stops working, or if you lose water altogether.
Menards® has everything you need for your plumbing supplies. Update your plumbing with our selection of pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories. We offer pipe, hoses and tubing, and fittings in different sizes for all applications. Install new plumbing features or make necessary repairs with our plumbing installation and repair products. We offer a variety of tools for faucet repair, including aerators, O-rings, and washers. Use our selection of pipe cements, cleaners, and primers to maintain your plumbing. Make other repairs with our soldering compounds and accessories. Hydronic radiant heat systems use hot water to heat your home and keep you comfortable all year long. We offer a variety of sewage basins and septic tanks to fit your home as well as valves for many different applications. Our plumbing access panels are durable and dependable. Menards® offers everything you need to update your sink or tub with our selection of utility sinks and accessories and tub drains, overflows, and accessories. We also offer a wide selection of refrigeration line sets.
While you might be tempted to get out your wrench and try and fix those plumbing fixtures, plumbing can be a lot more complicated than you might think. In the wrong hands, even the simplest-seeming of plumbing repairs can quickly become something disastrous or costly. The chances are that, whatever your problem is, your local plumber has seen it before and will be able to rectify the situation, quickly and efficiently. Why run the risk of turning a simple job into a plumbing catastrophe, when you can book a cheap plumber through Handy to nip it in the bud? You won't ever have to search for "local plumbers near me" again! 

We had our main water line break! Forgive the copy and paste but I also wrote this up on Re-Pipe Specialist's review page. Always remember, when a job is subcontracted out, to review both the agency as well as the subcontractor! Yesterday, the crew from Pro Drain showed up to get to work. There were a number of guys who patiently waited as I cornered all five cats to get them into one room for safety. They laid down sheets all over the house so the floors would stay clean and did a walk through inspection and explained everything in great detail. The personalities of these guys were awesome. They're from ProDrain, the company subcontracted by Re-Pipe Specialists. I felt comfortable with them being in my home while I was at work all day. They were confident, friendly, and just the nicest guys. I came home from work and there were no work trucks outside of my home. I walked inside, and my home was silent. No more water leak sounds, no more dripping faucets. I double checked everything - above and beyond work. I think they actually left our garage bathroom cleaner than it was when they got here? Our tap water is drinkable straight from the tap. Our water pressure is amazing. The bathroom shower is amazing!!! There was zero, zero mess left behind. And the pipes are professionally put in place - the job passed inspection today. They literally re-piped our entire home in a work day. They even watered my daphne plants before they left. Come on!!!! It does not get better than this. The great, positive attitude, the great customer service, totally reasonable price, and the exceptional job... I am beyond happy with my experience.
Most typical single family home systems won't require supply piping larger than 3⁄4 inch (19 mm) due to expense as well as steel piping's tendency to become obstructed from internal rusting and mineral deposits forming on the inside of the pipe over time once the internal galvanizing zinc coating has degraded. In potable water distribution service, galvanized steel pipe has a service life of about 30 to 50 years, although it is not uncommon for it to be less in geographic areas with corrosive water contaminants.
Our plumbing repair services include small jobs like faucet and toilet fixes to larger jobs like water heater replacement, sewer video inspections and more. Ignoring or delaying plumbing services can cause damage to floors, walls, ceilings, and more. With our quick response time and affordable pricing, you can avoid most costly repairs or replacements. We can send a plumber to San Jose and beyond whenever you need us. We charge by the job instead of the hour, giving you a fair and affordable plumbing rate with no surprise fees. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hokTzqWiBMQ
When you need honest, reliable plumbing, heating, or cooling services in Northern Virginia, suburban Maryland, or throughout the D.C. area, look no further than My Plumber Heating and Cooling! We’re proud to be the region’s number one choice for home comfort since 1982. Whether you’re dealing with a broken air conditioner, outdated heating system, backed-up drain, or burst pipe, our highly trained team is ready to help. We offer everything from emergency plumbing repairs to new heating and air conditioning system installation to indoor air quality services and more. Most of all, we stand behind everything we do with extensive warranties and our 100% customer satisfaction guarantee. At My Plumber Heating and Cooling, your comfort is our priority! We have three convenient locations in Manassas, Fairfax, and Fredericksburg so that you don't have to wait to get the help you need.
If it’s a toilet issue you’ve got, you’re sure to find the right toilet parts and replacement pieces – including shutoff valves and supply lines – to get your toilet in tip-top shape. We’ve also got shower parts and shower valves, sink parts and faucet parts, as well as everything for bathtub repair – all to get your bathroom up and running in top-top shape.
I was disappointed with the pressure of a tub and shower that were plumbed with 1/2 supply lines (2nd floor). Could be low pressure from the street, but I want to replace with 5/8. Plus, I'd like to have 2 back to back showers, one inside and one outside. So, I had intended to bring a 1 supply to both, then branch up to valves and shower head with 5/8. Finally, I thought pressure from the street was typically 55 to 70 psi and I am concerned if pvc can take that.Any thoughts?

Sump pumps are used to re-route water away from the lowest point of your home's foundation and protect your basement and easily damaged areas from flooding. In most cases, your sump pump is hardwired to your electrical system or possibly plugged into a wall outlet. Because these power sources can often fail in a storm when water damage occurs, sump pumps are typically equipped with battery backup power.
As master plumbers, we recognize our responsibilities to the health and welfare of the public at large, and our clientele. Our professional design methods and installation procedures are the cornerstone of our business, and following codes and guidelines set by national, state, and local plumbing code enforcement is one of our highest priorities. Our focus is on the safety, health, and well-being of our clients, through providing them with the finest plumbing installation service available in our area. Contact us for more information about how we can be of service to you, in your next plumbing installation project.
Although plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters perform three distinct and specialized roles, their duties are often similar. For example, they all install pipes and fittings that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. They determine the necessary materials for a job, connect pipes, and perform pressure tests to ensure that a pipe system is airtight and watertight. Their tools include drills, saws, welding torches, and wrenches.
Abe managed to make an unexpected repair and expense a lot less stressful and if you can imagine, even relaxing. His expertise and professionalism were perfect. He was flexible and accommodating to all of our questions, provided options and information, and never made us feel pressured. I would have him back again in a heartbeat if ever needed. Thank you for having such a great team!

Proper maintenance can help prevent costly water heater repairs. As we inspect your water heater, we can quickly repair minor issues before they become major ones. However, if you do experience major water heater problems, we offer 24/7 emergency services at no extra charge. The quicker you call, the more quickly we will be able to help you get your home up and running again!


Abe managed to make an unexpected repair and expense a lot less stressful and if you can imagine, even relaxing. His expertise and professionalism were perfect. He was flexible and accommodating to all of our questions, provided options and information, and never made us feel pressured. I would have him back again in a heartbeat if ever needed. Thank you for having such a great team!
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