^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015. 

An apprenticeship is the most common pathway to becoming a plumber. Many unions and businesses mandate that an apprentice receive a minimum of 246 hours of technical education, which could include instruction in math, applied physics and chemistry, and up to 2,000 hours of paid, practical training working with an experienced plumber. Safety training is also an important component of the process, since injuries are common in this line of work. "We have many hours worth of [Occupational Safety and Health Administration] training before we go on to a job site," says Patrick Kellett, the administrative assistant to the general president for the United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing, Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada and Australia. "We're very conscious of the dangers that come with working in construction."
Severe plumbing emergencies can cause a lot of collateral damage and result in high costs if not addressed immediately. For example, if your basement floods at 2:00 A.M., it’s vital that an emergency plumber visits right away to resolve the problem and prevent further water damage. Our technicians can arrive at your residence as soon as possible, bringing state-of-the-art equipment to address the plumbing emergency, complete the job in a timely and efficient manner, and get your household plumbing systems back to normal quickly.

Selecting the right plumbing service isn’t easy. To receive the quality assistance you deserve, trust Best Plumbing. The highly-trained and informed plumbers at Best Plumbing are prepared to handle any and every commercial and residential need. You can count on us for all your drain cleaning, water heater, plumbing installation and sewer services needs. Why should you choose our company over others? https://www.youtube.com/v/hokTzqWiBMQ
^ "II. The Plumbers". The Atlantic. Retrieved 17 September 2013. In the early evening of June 17, 1971, Henry Kissinger held forth in the Oval Office, telling his President, and John Ehrlichman and Bob Haldeman, all about Daniel Ellsberg. Kissinger's comments were recorded, of course, on the hidden White House taping system, and four years later, a portion of that tape was listened to by the Watergate Special Prosecution Force, which was then investigating the internal White House police unit known as the Plumbers.
To work independently, a plumber is required to receive a license. In most states, the prerequisite for earning this license is two to five years of practical experience. There's also an exam to test technical know-how and understanding of plumbing codes. The United Association's website offers extensive information on licensing requirements by state.
If you have a major fix in your home, it’s important to shop around for a plumber to do the work. At least three bids will help you determine the range of the project, so you can weigh the pros and cons of price and the reputation of the plumbers. Get references and contact them. Also, a good plumber isn’t likely to nickel and dime you. For the smaller jobs, check out these 11 plumbing tricks.
Are you beginning to grow tired of your plumb setups and you don’t know what to do about it? If you can’t seem to figure out what’s going wrong with this part of your building, +Grand Prairie Plumbing Repair can help. We have a Texas team of plumbers who understand this service very well. Read more to find out information on the multitude of services we offer.
The straight sections of plumbing systems are called "pipes" or "tubes". A pipe is typically formed via casting or welding, whereas a tube is made through extrusion. Pipe normally has thicker walls and may be threaded or welded, while tubing is thinner-walled and requires special joining techniques such as brazing, compression fitting, crimping, or for plastics, solvent welding. These joining techniques are discussed in more detail in the piping and plumbing fittings article.
Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications. Plumbing uses pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, tanks, and other apparatuses to convey fluids.[1] Heating and cooling (HVAC), waste removal, and potable water delivery are among the most common uses for plumbing, but it is not limited to these applications.[2] The word derives from the Latin for lead, plumbum, as the first effective pipes used in the Roman era were lead pipes.[3]
I was very worried about my septic tank. I had no idea when it was last pumped, but knew it had been easily over 10 years. Called A&A at 11am Monday and they sent Jason over at 5pm on the same day. A very large and surprisingly clean-looking truck came and got going. I had the lid already exposed. Jason pulled it up, looked in, and told me the waste level wasn't bad at all. Music to my ears! He was very personable, efficient, clean, and knowledgeable, putting me at ease about the whole process. After pumping out the solids, he went in with a hose and washed out the sides and bottom and showed me the result. I was very impressed. I wouldn't hesitate to use them again and would recommend them to anyone.

Clogged drains or sewer line backups can wreak havoc on your business, and we know that plumbing emergencies rarely align with business hours. Sudden, unexpected plumbing emergencies can have a serious negative impact on your business—any amount of downtime can result in missed opportunities and the inability to serve your clients, potentially leading to lost revenue. When plumbing emergencies occur at your place of business, you need an emergency plumber you can trust.


In the moving-in phase of a condo over several days, the garbage disposal was found to be dysfunctional. A handyman said it needed a new disposal, which I had to buy and he would install during his tight schedule next week. With water leaking through the pipes to the dishwasher to the kitchen floor the disposal needed attention NOW. One of the 5-star plumbing companies said it would cost $400. ProDrain gave a price that included one hour for $125 and $133 for a 1/2 horsepower disposal. OK. I needed help NOW! The plumber Pro-Drain sent could have been raised by my mom. He was ethical. He just took out a hex wrench and loosened the disposal and it works fine. Total cost $105 for his time. I'll call Pro-Drain again if I need plumbing work. http://youtube.com/v/hokTzqWiBMQ?version=3
I have recently purchased a house with an older roof that needs to be restored soon. So, I am trying to decide on I should go with a metal roof other than shingles. If I install metal roofing over solid decking such as OSB or plywood, integrate with a properly insulated garret, there is very little noise difference compared to standard asphalt shingles. I have briefly read benefits and drawbacks of Metal roofing but as I listed before I should go to metal roofing and hiring a roofing contractor no matter its expensive or noisy anyhow, Your article has cleared a lot of misinterpretation I’ve had before. https://m.youtube.com/embed/hokTzqWiBMQ
When the winter really settles in and starts giving your pipes a hard time, it’s a good idea to have our number handy. If you are having a plumbing emergency, don’t hesitate to call us right away. Our emergency services are designed to get any plumbing problem taken care of as quickly as possible. We know exactly what the problem is if your water heater suddenly stops working, or if you lose water altogether.
I live in central PA where we have very hard water. I was living with my father-in-law when he got a new water heater because he wanted more capacity. I don't know how old the old one was, but i do know that after it was replaced, we were replacing coils every 6-8 months. This is on top of a new coffee pot every couple of months. He would just buy a $10-$20 pot because the 'better' ones would die too. After we installed the Eddy Water Descaler a little over two years ago, he hasn't had to replace either of those things. I can't speak to how efficient it is compared to other options, but in the time since installing it, it has certainly made noticeable differences to dish spots, hard water deposits, and life expectancy of appliances. It may seem like mumbo jumbo, but there is absolutely something to them, they do work well.And in retrospect, maybe having had it installed earlier would've saved him from feeling like he needed to replace he water heater because it would've been running more efficiently.

While you might be tempted to get out your wrench and try and fix those plumbing fixtures, plumbing can be a lot more complicated than you might think. In the wrong hands, even the simplest-seeming of plumbing repairs can quickly become something disastrous or costly. The chances are that, whatever your problem is, your local plumber has seen it before and will be able to rectify the situation, quickly and efficiently. Why run the risk of turning a simple job into a plumbing catastrophe, when you can book a cheap plumber through Handy to nip it in the bud? You won't ever have to search for "local plumbers near me" again!

Whenever you make a large purchase, you always request a receipt, right? Well, you will want a written warranty for any work or repairs done to the plumbing in your house. You want someone that's doing major maintenance or repair work on your house or commercial building to stand by his or her labor. Before you hire a plumber, ask him or her if they offer written warranties.
Most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn their trade through a 4- or 5-year apprenticeship. Apprentices typically receive 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training, as well as some classroom instruction, each year. In the classroom, apprentices learn safety, local plumbing codes and regulations, and blueprint reading. They also study mathematics, applied physics, and chemistry. Apprenticeship programs are offered by unions and businesses. Although most workers enter apprenticeships directly, some start out as helpers. The Home Builders Institute offers a pre-apprenticeship training program in plumbing and other trades.
Our plumbing repair services include small jobs like faucet and toilet fixes to larger jobs like water heater replacement, sewer video inspections and more. Ignoring or delaying plumbing services can cause damage to floors, walls, ceilings, and more. With our quick response time and affordable pricing, you can avoid most costly repairs or replacements. We can send a plumber to San Jose and beyond whenever you need us. We charge by the job instead of the hour, giving you a fair and affordable plumbing rate with no surprise fees. http://youtu.be/hokTzqWiBMQ
Plumbing is one of the most challenging systems in your house to repair and maintain, and when things go wrong with your plumbing it means big-time discomfort and damage. What is worse, water used in the plumbing system is constantly eroding and wearing it away. It is only a matter of time before you will have a leak. Whether you need help with your water heater, toilets, faucets or other fixtures, when you need help, give us a call! No one understands plumbing repairs in Logan, Cache Valley and Brigham City better than Jerry’s Plumbing Repair!
A pipe video inspection uses a waterproof video camera to provide a clear look at the interior of an underground pipe or sewer line. This technique can be used on pipes that are anywhere from 2-32 inches in diameter, and it involves inserting a flexible rod with a small video camera on its tip into the pipe. A pipe video inspection can be used to diagnose a wide range  of plumbing problems, from root intrusion to pipe corrosion. It's often recommended for pipes that frequently become clogged or are slow to drain.
Galvanized steel potable water supply and distribution pipes are commonly found with nominal pipe sizes from 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) to 2 inches (51 mm). It is rarely used today for new construction residential plumbing. Steel pipe has National Pipe Thread (NPT) standard tapered male threads, which connect with female tapered threads on elbows, tees, couplers, valves, and other fittings. Galvanized steel (often known simply as "galv" or "iron" in the plumbing trade) is relatively expensive, and difficult to work with due to weight and requirement of a pipe threader. It remains in common use for repair of existing "galv" systems and to satisfy building code non-combustibility requirements typically found in hotels, apartment buildings and other commercial applications. It is also extremely durable and resistant to mechanical abuse. Black lacquered steel pipe is the most widely used pipe material for fire sprinklers and natural gas.
I placed a call to Benjamin Franklin Plumbing a scheduled an appointment with Andy. I was very impressed with his promptness and level of confidence as he evaluated the project for an estimate. He finished his inspection in about a half hour and gave me an estimate of $2,900. I agreed and he started immediately. As I continued to work on the remainder of the remodeling project, Andy was incredibly busy going in and out of the attic, measuring and cutting pipes, pvc, supply lines and more work than I could have ever imagined.
From clogged drains to water heater installations, we handle plumbing jobs every day that won’t take us a lot of time but cause enormous headaches for our customers. We aim to get to the job quickly, fix the problem with a real solution, and get out of your way again so you can go on with your day. We strive to provide excellent customer service and a friendly attitude, alongside our 5-Star Plumbing Technicians promise. We’ll always send someone who is ready and able to do the job.
Just had my toilet replaced cuz my old one died. Anyway, I called and was greeted by August who was very nice. I told him what I needed and then he told me he would have someone call me back asap to set up the appointment to have my toilet replaced. In about an hour, maybe less, I received a call from one of the plumbers and he asked about details regarding the type of toilet I had and how big the restroom was, etc etc....I suck at describing details so I asked if it's ok to take a picture of the toilet and the restroom and he said that's fine. Once he got the pictures he gave me a reasonable quote and said he will be at my place between 12-1pm. He came within the specified time and the whole process only took an hour. No fuss, no mess. Very please with the service and will definitely use this company again for future plumbing needs. Thank you!
It is possible to prevent tree roots from obstructing sewer lines. Chemicals such as copper sulfate and potassium hydroxide can be used around the sewer line to discourage root intrusion.  Metal or wood barriers can also be installed around the sewer lines to keep them free of root damage. When landscaping, it's best to limit the amount of plants or trees placed in close proximity to sewer lines.
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